Paddy Tobias, forthcoming, ‘The Othering of others in Timor-Leste’s statehood utopianism’, Southeast Asian Studies.

Paddy Tobias, forthcoming, ‘Lost in Transition: development in Timor-Leste and the sociocultural fallout’, Peacebuilding.

Paddy Tobias, 2014, ‘Modernisation in Timor Leste: The “Community” at Stake’, in The Love of Education: Learning to Live Together, Bangkok: UNESCO, Asia-Pacific Programme of Educational Innovation for Development.

Paddy Tobias, 2014, ‘Keeping Community: Traditional Culture and Implications for Maintaining Peace in Post-Conflict Society in Aileu, Timor Leste,’ in H Ware, B Jenkins, M Branagan & D Subedi (eds), Cultivating Peace: Contexts, Practices and Multidimensional Models, Cambridge Scholar Publishing, Newcastle upon Tyne.

Paddy Tobias, 2014, ‘Caught without culture in “developing” East Timor’, Queen’s University, Belfast. (Seminar)

Paddy Tobias, 2014, ‘Lost in Transition: the development of Timor-Leste and the cultural fallout’, Shaping Peace: Local infrastructures and State formation conference, University of Manchester, Manchester, 11-12 September (Conference)

Paddy Tobias, 2014 ‘A Cycle of Conflict: the loss of identity when global contradicts local’, Ontologies of Conflict conference, University of Brighton, Brighton, 16-17th June. (Conference)

Paddy Tobias and Walsh, A. 2013, ‘Emerging Political Apathy in Post-War East Timor’, East Timor Law and Justice Bulletin. (

Paddy Tobias, 2013, ‘Caught in the cultural middle of a “progressing” East Timor’, Perspectives on Progress, Queensland University, St. Lucia. (Conference)

Rebecca Spence, and Maebuta, J, 2012, Sustainable Peace, In Focus Solomon Islands, Global the international briefing Magazine, First quarter 2012, 78 – 80

Paddy Tobias,  2012, ‘Maintaining a Civic Nation: social cohesion in Timor Leste’, M Leach, NC Mendes, AB. da Silva, B Boughton & A da Costa Ximenes (eds.), New Research in Timor Leste, Melbourne: Swinburne Press.

Paddy Tobias, 2012, ‘Modernisation in Timor Leste: The “community” at stake’, 16th UNESCO-APEID International Conference, Bangkok. (Conference)

Paddy Tobias, 2012, ‘The Social Challenges Confronting Sustainable Peace in Timor Leste: a social capital-civil society approach’, Cultivating Peace: Context, Practices and Multidimensional Models conference, Department of Peace Studies, UNE, Armidale. (Conference)

Rebecca Spence, Baleinakorodawa P and Michael O’Loughlin, 2011, ‘Civic education partnerships: Civil society organisations, donors and the state in Fiji’, International Education Journal: Comparative Perspectives, 2011, 10(2), 127-139

Paddy Tobias, 2011, ‘Civil Society and Peacebuilding in Timor Leste’, Communicating New Research on Timor Leste: 3rd TLSA conference, Swinburne University, National University of Timor Leste (UNTL), and the Technical University of Lisbon, Dili, Timor Leste. (Conference)

Rebecca Spence and O’Sullivan, J, 2010; “Beyond Hostile Borders: Re-negotiating the Gendered Embodiment of Resistance and Agency in the film, “Some Mother’s Son.” Journal of the Motherhood Initiative for Research and Community Involvement (JMI) Vol. 1.1 “Mothering, Violence, Militarism, War and Social Justice.” Pps 200- 212

Rebecca Spence and Maebuta J, 2009, Attempts at Building Peace in the Solomon Islands: Disconnected Layers, Reflecting On Peace Practice Case Study, Collaborative for Development Action, Massachusetts

Rebecca Spence, 2008, Education in Post- conflict environments: pathways to peace? In Rethinking Work and Learning: Adult and Vocational Education for Social Sustainability, Springer Press, 155- 162.

Rebecca Spence, & Wielders, I., 2007, The Process of Peace: A critical case study from the Solomons, Journal of Peacebuilding and Development, vol 3, no 3

Rebecca Spence, & Ninnes, F., 2007, Building relationships across the Timor Sea: an evaluation of the Australian/Timorese friendship agreements, Public Administration and Development, vol.27, no.4 (October 2007), 333-340

Rebecca Spence, Mousaca, J,Gusmão, A, Ninnes, F, Dutra, L.X.C., Taboada, M.B, van der Lee, J and Michael O’Loughlin,(2007). The friendship manual: a manual for Timor-Australia friendship agreements. Australian Research Council, University of New England, Brisbane City Council, Caritas Australia, and BETADCC (Linkage grant). Published online:

Rebecca Spence, 2006 Post-conflict peacebuilding: Who determines the peace?, in The Eye of the Cyclone: Governance and Stability in the Pacific, I. Molloy & R. Reavell, University of the Sunshine Coast, Noosa Heads, pp 57-72

Rebecca Spence and Iris Wielders, 2006, Conflict Prevention in the Pacific, AusAID and ANU.

Rebecca Spence, 2006 ‘Imagine Living a Life in Peace’, The No Nonsense Guide to Conflict and Peace, Helen Ware (ed), New Internationalist, London.

Rebecca Spence, 2006, Building Peace Through Volunteering, COPOJ – Culture of Peace Online Journal, 2(1), 6-15. ISSN 1715-538X,

Rebecca Spence, 2006, Education in Post – conflict environments: Pathways to peace, Development Bulletin Online:

Rebecca Spence, 2006,Building Peace through Creating and Strengthening Friendships: An exploration of the progress of Friendship Agreements, Development Bulletin, No 69, pp. 36 – 39

Rebecca Spence and Jonathan Makuwira, Do we make a difference? Teaching and researching peace at tertiary level, Journal of Peace Education Vol. 2, No. 1, March 2005, pp. 17–31

Rebecca Spence and Deanna Iribarnegaray, 2005, The Changing Face of Peacekeeping in Rod Gerber and John Salter (Eds), Civil Care and Security Studies, Kardoorair Press, Armidale, ISBN, 0-908244-62-2

Rebecca Spence, 2004, Befriending the neighbours: Creating common security, in G.T Harris (ed), Demilitarising Sub-Saharan Africa, Institute of Security Studies, Pretoria.

Rebecca Spence and J. McLeod, 2002 Building the Road as We Walk it: Peacebuilding as Nonviolent Revolutionary Praxis, Social Alternatives, Vol 21, No 2, Autumn 2002, 61 – 64

Rebecca Spence, J. Packer and E. Beare, 2002, Building Community Partnerships: An Australian Case Study of Sustainable Community-based Rural Programmes, Community Development Journal, Vol 3

Rebecca Spence, 2002, Building Peace, Building Hope, Building Relationships: The Process of International Volunteering, Australian Journal of Volunteering no 6 vol 2., 73 – 78.

Rebecca Spence and P. Chantrill, 2001, Developing Curricular and Appropriate Learning Strategies for Community Development and Peace Studies, Peace and Change, vol 27, no 1, 106 – 117

Rebecca Spence, P. Chantrill and J. Reid, Towards a Professional Doctorate for Peace and Community Development Studies, in Green, B., Maxwell, T.W. & Shanahan, P. 2001, Doctoral Education and Professional Practice: The Next Generation?, Armidale Kardoorair Press.

Rebecca Spence, 1999, The Centrality of Community-Led Recovery, in G. Harris, (ed.), 1999, Recovery from Armed Conflict, Routledge, London.

Rebecca Spence, 1999, Which Way Forward? Processes of Reconciliation in G. Harris, N. Ahai and R. Spence, 1999, Building Peace in Bougainville, UNE Press, and National Research Institute, PNG.

Harris, N. Ahai and Rebecca Spence, 1999, Building Peace in Bougainville, UNE Press, and National Research Institute, PNG.


Rebecca Spence, 2006, ‘Friendship Agreements: The Timorese Perspective’, Ministry of State Administration, Dili.

Rebecca Spence, 2005, ‘Building Peace through creating and sustaining Friendship: An exploration of Friendship Agreements’, Brisbane City Council, and the Victorian Local Government Association, September.

Rebecca Spence, 2005, ‘The Solomon Islands Community Peace and Restoration Fund: A Peace and Conflict Impact Assessment’, AusAID, Canberra, April.

Rebecca Spence, 2002, ‘Building peace through volunteering: experiences of working in post-conflict situations’, Special Report, Australian Volunteers International, Melbourne.

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